Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama) 2011
In 2011 I was giving for the International Organization of Migration seven bi-national workshops for Integrated Border Management for the staff of the border control point (BCP) and other administrative personal. These workshops were taking in consideration the actual situation in the country and the entire region, which is characterized on one hand by:
on other hand there are activities to more integration in the CA-4 countries -Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador y Nicaragua also including the border security issues.
IOM and OCAM has prepared the program for the Migration Service, the National Police and the Customs Service. Country by country there were variations in the assistance to the meetings, considering the different institutions, the hiraquical level of the participants (boder personal until chiefs from the Ministry and the local Interpol offices) and the number of participans generally.
In the workshops were evaluated the specific border control point, usually visited the day before the meeting, the national, regional and international level of existing coordination and the requirements of modern border control systems inside of concepts for Integrated Border Management.
Additionally to the workshops was elaborated for IO and the national Migration Services a report, detailing the findings in the visits on the BCP´s, the level of cooperation and the needs for data exchange on national, regional and international level.
The results were presented on 13.12.2011 on the XXXV
Ordinary Meeting of OCAM to the Directors of the
Migration Services of the seven countries.
In comparison to the last similar assignment in the same sector in 2009 was interesting especially the good advances in Nicaragua.
Should be mentioned, the hosting of the here a linked page of the project was initially temporary – but nothing is so permanent in the region as a well running solution ….
In spring 2009 I was member of a evaluation and project defining mission of integrated border management in behavior of the EC in Central America.
In the tasks where included the following countries in alphabetic order:
Content of the project was the elaboration of the EU Project Documentation for a project in the six countries of Central America, concerning the border security issues.
The mission was affected by the time pressure to get the results soon and the time of the field work. The field work was over Eastern, in catholic countries a very difficult time to get in touch with competent counterparts.
Considering these facts the results of the mission were more snapshot for orientation as a solid base for a future project.
Very useful for the results of the mission was the contact with the Interpol Regional Office Central America. In all field activities was one representative form the Regional Office present and the most oft the contacts in the in the visited countries was organised and supported by Interpol.
Considering the lack of information the report was focused in the restructure of the Border Check Point of Aguas Blancas, a critical point the North – South movements with cargo, and in the elaboration of standard control stations which can be implemented in any place of the 6 countries.
A special interest was focused in the CA4 countries Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala y El Salvador, considering that border movements for citizen of these countries to the other country can be done without passport, using the National ID card.
Also was recognised that the constructive infrastructure, especially in Nicaragua needs to be improved, there are still Border Check Points without real working conditions active, many of them affected by the Nicaraguan Civil War between 1979 until 1990.
The results were present on the XXIV
Extraordinary Meeting of Chiefs of Police of Central
America, Mexico and the Caribbean.